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 From:  Tim Nelson <tnelson at rockbochs dot com>
 To:  Bob Gustafson <bobgus at rcn dot com>
 Cc:  Monowall Support List <m0n0wall at lists dot m0n0 dot ch>
 Subject:  Re: [m0n0wall] internet storm?
 Date:  Tue, 18 Mar 2008 13:47:50 -0500 (CDT)
"The Ethernet addresses look more like MAC addresses."

That needs to go on a poster somewhere... just EPIC.

Tim Nelson
Systems/Network Support
Rockbochs Inc.

----- Original Message -----
From: "Bob Gustafson" <bobgus at rcn dot com>
To: "Monowall Support List" <m0n0wall at lists dot m0n0 dot ch>
Sent: Tuesday, March 18, 2008 1:42:04 PM (GMT-0600) America/Chicago
Subject: Re: [m0n0wall] internet storm?

Looking at the boot listing coming from my Alix box, I see:
              
pci0: <encrypt/decrypt, entertainment crypto> at device 1.2 (no driver
attached)
vr0: <VIA VT6105M Rhine III 10/100BaseTX> port 0x1000-0x10ff mem
0xe0000000-0xe0
vr0: Quirks:
0x2                                                                
miibus0: <MII bus> on
vr0                                                       
ukphy0: <Generic IEEE 802.3u media interface> on
miibus0                        
ukphy0:  10baseT, 10baseT-FDX, 100baseTX, 100baseTX-FDX,
auto                   
vr0: Ethernet address:
00:0d:b9:12:83:98                                        
ath0: <Atheros 5212> mem 0xe0040000-0xe004ffff irq 9 at device 12.0 on
pci0     
ath0: Ethernet address:
00:80:48:7e:13:62                                       
ath0: mac 7.8 phy 4.5 radio 5.6   

The Ethernet addresses look more like MAC addresses. Is this just a
cosmetic problem, or indicative of my basic problem (no radio transmit)

Best regards

BobG             

On Sat, 2008-03-15 at 20:42 -0500, Bob Gustafson wrote:
> On Sat, 2008-03-15 at 18:15 -0400, Chris Buechler wrote: 
> > On Sat, Mar 15, 2008 at 5:44 PM, Bob Gustafson <bobgus at rcn dot com> wrote:
> > >
> > >  PC Engines ALIX.3
> > >  v0.98
> > >
> > 
> > Your BIOS version is v0.98, v0.99 is the latest. File and instructions here:
> > http://pcengines.ch/alix2.htm
> > 
> > -Chris
> 
> [user1@hoho2 freedos3]$ file freedos_alixupdate_0.99.img
> freedos_alixupdate_0.99.img: x86 boot sector, BSD disklabel
> 
> Looks like it is not gzipped..
> 
> [user1@hoho2 freedos3]$ df
> Filesystem           1K-blocks      Used Available Use% Mounted on
> /dev/mapper/rootvg-root
>                       65515176  40934472  21199048  66% /
> /dev/md0                101018     50679     45123  53% /boot
> tmpfs                  1557480        24   1557456   1% /dev/shm
> /dev/sdc1               990064         0    990064   0% /media/disk-1
> 
> Be careful to use the correct disk, and leave off the partition number
> 
> [user1@hoho2 freedos3]$ cat freedos_alixupdate_0.99.img | dd of=/dev/sdc
> bs=16kdd: opening `/dev/sdc': Permission denied
> 
> Whoops
> 
> [user1@hoho2 freedos3]$ su
> Password: 
> [root@hoho2 freedos3]# cat freedos_alixupdate_0.99.img | dd of=/dev/sdc
> bs=16k
> 501+2 records in
> 501+2 records out
> 8225280 bytes (8.2 MB) copied, 0.0493844 s, 167 MB/s
> 
> [root@hoho2 freedos3]# umount /media/disk-1
> [root@hoho2 freedos3]#
> 
> -- plugging flashed disk into Alix and plugging in power gave:
> 
> PC Engines ALIX.3
> v0.98                                                         
> 640 KB Base
> Memory                                                              
> 261120 KB Extended
> Memory                                                       
>                                                                                 
> 01F0 Master 044A CF
> 1GB                                                         
> Phys C/H/S 1966/16/63 Log C/H/S
> 983/32/63                                       
> FreeDOS kernel build 2036 cvs [version Aug 18 2006 compiled Aug 18
> 2006].......3
> Kernel compatibility 7.10 - WATCOMC - 80386 CPU required - FAT32
> support        
>                                                                                 
> (C) Copyright 1995-2006 Pasquale J. Villani and The FreeDOS
> Project.            
> All Rights Reserved. This is free software and comes with ABSOLUTELY
> NO         
> WARRANTY; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of
> the       
> GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software
> Foundation;        
> either version 2, or (at your option) any later
> version.                        
>  - InitDiskWARNING: using suspect partition Pri:1 FS 06: with calculated
> values9
> C: HD1, Pri[ 1], CHS=    0-1-1, start=     0 MB, size=    15
> MB                 
> FreeDOS HIMEM64 3.26 [Aug 25 2006] (c) 1995, Till Gerken 2001-2006 tom
> ehlert   
> HIMEM - Always On A20 method
> used                                               
> Kernel: allocated 43 Diskbuffers = 22876 Bytes in
> HMA                           
>                                                                                 
> FreeCom version 0.84-pre2 XMS_Swap [Aug 28 2006
> 00:29:00]                       
> C:\>
> 
> --- Hmm, this is not going to be so easy. Need to hit 'S' in the middle
> of the memory test, but I am plugging in the power wart and then getting
> back to the keyboard too late. Fast board, slow fingers.
> 
> --- Ho, maybe I am there already without doing the 'S' 'L' 'Q' 'Y'
> process outlined in the pcengines /freedos.htm page.
> 
> C:
> \>S                                                                           
> Bad command or filename -
> "S".                                                  
> C:
> \>help                                                                        
> Bad command or filename -
> "help".                                               
> C:
> \>ls                                                                          
> Bad command or filename -
> "ls".                                                 
> C:
> \>pwd                                                                         
> Bad command or filename - "pwd".
> 
> --- ok, Google to the rescue. See
> http://www.linfo.org/freedos_commands.html
>      
> C:
> \>alias                                                                       
> C:
> \>date                                                                        
> Current date is Sat
> 01-01-2000                                                  
> Enter new date
> (mm-dd-[cc]yy):                                                  
> C:
> \>dir                                                                         
>  Volume in drive C has no
> label                                                 
>  Volume Serial Number is
> 4752-912D                                              
>  Directory of C:
> \                                                               
>                                                                                 
> BIN                  <DIR>  11-26-07
> 4:03p                                     
> COMMAND  COM        66,945  08-29-06
> 2:40a                                     
> FAT16    BSS           512  08-19-06
> 3:08p                                     
> FDAUTO   BAT            28  01-30-00
> 3:53p                                     
> FDCONFIG 1           1,755  10-20-07
> 9:21a                                     
> FDCONFIG SYS           462  10-20-07
> 9:45a                                     
> GRDB     OPT            22  12-31-99
> 3:00p                                     
> KERNEL   SYS        45,341  08-29-06
> 6:05a                                     
> README   TXT           644  10-21-07
> 12:47a                                     
> SB       COM         1,648  08-29-07
> 5:36p                                     
> SYSLINUX CFG            76  11-26-07
> 3:38p                                     
> ALIX1    BIN       524,288  12-10-07
> 2:00p                                     
> ALIXBIOS TXT         5,052  12-10-07
> 2:01p                                     
>         12 file(s)        646,773
> bytes                                         
>          1 dir(s)      15,144,448 bytes
> free                                    
> C:\>
> 
> --- now, to run the program SB.COM. (There does not seem to be a 'run'
> command..)
> 
> C:
> \>SB.COM                                                                      
> ALIX flash update (C)2007 PC Engines
> GmbH                                       
> Flash ID = 1 FFFF GPI =
> FF                                                      
> Flash ID = 0 9D37 GPI =
> 02                                                      
> Reading 512KB flash image alix2.bin - I/O
> error !                               
> C:\>
> 
> --- That was fast, but the I/O error may be a problem.. Are we supposed
> to get an error?
> 
> --- Try a reboot with the FreeDOS card still there and see if there are
> problems..
> 
> C:\>PC Engines ALIX.3
> v0.98                                                     
> 640 KB Base
> Memory                                                              
> 261120 KB Extended
> Memory                                                       
>                                                                                 
> 01F0 Master 044A CF
> 1GB                                                         
> ...
> ...                   
> C:\>
> 
> --- Still shows PC Engines ALIX.3 v0.98. Not so good.
> 
> --- Looking things over carefully, I see that the command SB.COM is
> trying to load Alix.2, but there is no Alix.2, only Alix.1
> 
> --- Maybe there is some documentation in ALIXBIOS.TXT ? No, only
> revision history
> 
> --- Well, just rename the file..
> 
> C:\>ren ALIX1.BIN
> ALIX2.BIN                                                     
> C:
> \>sb.com                                                                      
> ALIX flash update (C)2007 PC Engines
> GmbH                                       
> Flash ID = 1 FFFF GPI =
> FF                                                      
> Flash ID = 0 9D37 GPI =
> 02                                                      
> Reading 512KB flash image
> alix2.bin................                             
> Compare Erase Program Verify - update
> OK.                                       
> C:\>
> 
> -- Looks good, try reboot.
> 
> C:\>PC Engines ALIX.2
> v0.99                                                     
> 640 KB Base
> Memory                                                              
> 261120 KB Extended
> Memory                                                       
>                                                                                 
> 01F0 Master 044A CF 1GB                         
> ...
> ...
> 
> --- OK, now replace FreeDOS CF with M0n0 CF flash disk and power up
> again.
> 
> PC Engines ALIX.2
> v0.99                                                     
> 640 KB Base
> Memory                                                              
> 261120 KB Extended
> Memory                                                       
>                                                                                 
> 01F0 Master 044A CF
> 1GB                                                         
> Phys C/H/S 1966/16/63 Log C/H/S
> 983/32/63                                       
> Consoles: internal
> video/keyboard                                               
> BIOS drive C: is
> disk0                                                          
> BIOS 640kB/261120kB available
> memory                                            
>                                                                                 
> FreeBSD/i386 bootstrap loader, Revision
> 1.1                                     
> (root at mb63 dot neon1 dot net, Sat Mar  1 18:38:30 CET
> 2008)                             
> /kernel text=0x2eb62c data=0x38e74+0x1fa34 syms=[0x4+0x40660+0x4
> +0x51ae9]       
> Copyright (c) 1992-2008 The FreeBSD
> Project.                                    
> Copyright (c) 1979, 1980, 1983, 1986, 1988, 1989, 1991, 1992, 1993,
> 1994        
>         The Regents of the University of California. All rights
> reserved.       
> FreeBSD is a registered trademark of The FreeBSD
> Foundation.                    
> FreeBSD 6.3-RELEASE-p1 #0: Sat Feb 23 20:17:24 CET
> 2008                         
> 
> root at mb63 dot neon1 dot net:/usr/src/sys/i386/compile/M0N0WALL_WRAPALIX             
> Timecounter "i8254" frequency 1193182 Hz quality
> 0                              
> CPU: Geode(TM) Integrated Processor by AMD PCS (498.05-MHz 586-class
> CPU)       
>   Origin = "AuthenticAMD"  Id = 0x5a2  Stepping =
> 2                             
> 
> Features=0x88a93d<FPU,DE,PSE,TSC,MSR,CX8,SEP,PGE,CMOV,CLFLUSH,MMX>            
>   AMD Features=0xc0400000<MMX+,3DNow!+,3DNow!
> >                                  
> real memory  = 268435456 (256
> MB)                                               
> avail memory = 240717824 (229
> MB)                                               
> pnpbios: Bad PnP BIOS data
> checksum                                             
> wlan: mac acl policy
> registered                                                 
> K6-family MTRR support enabled (2
> registers)                                    
> ath_hal: 0.9.20.3 (AR5210, AR5211, AR5212, RF5111, RF5112, RF2413,
> RF5413)      
> cpu0 on
> motherboard                                                             
> pcib0: <Host to PCI bridge> pcibus 0 on
> motherboard                             
> pci0: <PCI bus> on
> pcib0                                                        
> MFGPT bar:
> f00100006200                                                         
> pci0: <encrypt/decrypt, entertainment crypto> at device 1.2 (no driver
> attached)
> vr0: <VIA VT6105M Rhine III 10/100BaseTX> port 0x1000-0x10ff mem
> 0xe0000000-0xe0
> vr0: Quirks:
> 0x2                                                                
> miibus0: <MII bus> on
> vr0                                                       
> ukphy0: <Generic IEEE 802.3u media interface> on
> miibus0                        
> ukphy0:  10baseT, 10baseT-FDX, 100baseTX, 100baseTX-FDX,
> auto                   
> vr0: Ethernet address:
> 00:0d:b9:12:83:98                                        
> ath0: <Atheros 5212> mem 0xe0040000-0xe004ffff irq 9 at device 12.0 on
> pci0     
> ath0: Ethernet address:
> 00:80:48:7e:13:62                                       
> ath0: mac 7.8 phy 4.5 radio
> 5.6                                                 
> isab0: <PCI-ISA bridge> port
> 0x6000-0x6007,0x6100-0x61ff,0x6200-0x623f,0x9d00-00
> isa0: <ISA bus> on
> isab0                                                        
> atapci0: <AMD CS5536 UDMA100 controller> port
> 0x1f0-0x1f7,0x3f6,0x170-0x177,0x30
> ata0: <ATA channel 0> on
> atapci0                                                
> ata1: <ATA channel 1> on
> atapci0                                                
> ohci0: <OHCI (generic) USB controller> mem 0xefffe000-0xefffefff irq 15
> at devi0
> ohci0:
> [GIANT-LOCKED]                                                           
> usb0: OHCI version 1.0, legacy
> support                                          
> usb0: <OHCI (generic) USB controller> on
> ohci0                                  
> usb0: USB revision
> 1.0                                                          
> uhub0: AMD OHCI root hub, class 9/0, rev 1.00/1.00, addr
> 1                      
> uhub0: 4 ports with 4 removable, self
> powered                                   
> ehci0: <AMD CS5536 USB 2.0 controller> mem 0xefffd000-0xefffdfff irq 15
> at devi0
> ehci0:
> [GIANT-LOCKED]                                                           
> usb1: EHCI version
> 1.0                                                          
> usb1: companion controller, 4 ports each:
> usb0                                  
> usb1: <AMD CS5536 USB 2.0 controller> on
> ehci0                                  
> usb1: USB revision
> 2.0                                                          
> uhub1: AMD EHCI root hub, class 9/0, rev 2.00/1.00, addr
> 1                      
> uhub1: 4 ports with 4 removable, self
> powered                                   
> pmtimer0 on
> isa0                                                                
> orm0: <ISA Option ROM> at iomem 0xe0000-0xea7ff on
> isa0                         
> sio0 at port 0x3f8-0x3ff irq 4 flags 0x10 on
> isa0                               
> sio0: type 16550A,
> console                                                      
> sio1: configured irq 3 not in bitmap of probed irqs
> 0                           
> sio1: port may not be
> enabled                                                   
> RTC BIOS diagnostic error
> 80<clock_battery>                                     
> Timecounter "TSC" frequency 498054186 Hz quality
> 800                            
> Timecounters tick every 1.000
> msec                                              
> Fast IPsec: Initialized Security Association
> Processing.                        
> IP Filter: v4.1.28 initialized.  Default = block all, Logging =
> enabled         
> md0: Preloaded image </mfsroot> 15728640 bytes at
> 0xc07d703c                    
> ad0: 967MB <CF 1GB 20070709> at ata0-master
> PIO4                                
> Trying to mount root from
> ufs:/dev/md0                                          
> kern.coredump: 1 ->
> 0                                                           
> Found configuration on
> ad0.                                                     
> Initializing timezone...
> done                                                   
> Configuring firewall...
> done                                                    
> Configuring LAN interface...
> done                                               
> Configuring WAN interface... vr0: link state changed to
> UP                      
> done                                                                            
> Starting syslog service...
> done                                                 
> Starting webGUI...
> done                                                         
> Starting DNS forwarder...
> done                                                  
> Starting DHCP service...
> done                                                   
> Starting NTP client...
> done                                                     
>                                                                                 
>                                                                                 
> *** This is m0n0wall, version
> 1.3b10                                            
>     built on Sat Mar  1 18:40:58 CET 2008 for
> wrap                              
>     Copyright (C) 2002-2008 by Manuel Kasper. All rights
> reserved.              
>     Visit http://m0n0.ch/wall for
> updates.                                      
>                                                                                 
>                                                                                 
>     LAN IP address:
> 192.168.1.1                                                 
>                                                                                 
>     Port
> configuration:                                                         
>                                                                                 
>     LAN   ->
> ath0                                                               
>     WAN   ->
> vr0                                                                
>                                                                                 
>                                                                                 
> m0n0wall console
> setup                                                          
> **********************                                                          
> 1) Interfaces: assign network
> ports                                             
> 2) Set up LAN IP
> address                                                        
> 3) Reset webGUI
> password                                                        
> 4) Reset to factory
> defaults                                                    
> 5) Reboot
> system                                                                
> 6) Ping
> host                                                                    
>                                                                                 
> Enter a number: 
> 
> --- However the interrupt storm is still there.
> 
> interrupt storm detected on "irq9:"; throttling interrupt
> source                
> interrupt storm detected on "irq9:"; throttling interrupt source 
> 
> --- Status->Interfaces still shows LAN with 'no carrier'
> 
> in/out packets 0/0
> in/out errors 353/0
> 
> 
> This is even though the Status-> Wireless shows lots of neighborhood
> transmitters.
> 
> On my little OLPC, I don't see ALIX transmitting.
> 
> ---
> 
> What should I try next?
> 
> 
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