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 From:  Fred Wright <fw at well dot com>
 To:  m0n0wall at lists dot m0n0 dot ch
 Subject:  Re: [m0n0wall] FTP NAT redux
 Date:  Thu, 26 Aug 2004 23:45:47 -0700 (PDT)
On Tue, 24 Aug 2004, Neil Schneider wrote:
> Fred Wright said:
> > On Fri, 20 Aug 2004, Neil Schneider wrote:
> >>
> >> ip_contrack_ftp and ip_contrack_nat are "helper" modules
> >> specifically
> >> for NAT'ing FTP protocol. I believe, they track the port connections
> > I think IPFilter handles this automatically for NAT but not for the
> > firewall, though this is based on using an active-mode client, which
> > is a
> > similar but not identical case to the passive-mode server.
> > Passive-mode
> > clients and active-mode servers should have no trouble.  To open
> > things up
> > the rest of the way, you need to open the whole "ephemeral" port range
> > 49152-65535.  This may still not be enough if the server goes by an
> > older
> > standard for the port range, but if you enable firewall logging you
> > can
> > see what ports it's having trouble with.
> >
> > I don't think this has anything to do with "double NATting", other
> > than
> > that means there are *two* NAT layers that need to "get FTP right".
> Well the testing I'm doing is from a system behind m0n0wall to and ftp
> server NAT'ed behind m0n0wall. I opened the "ephemeral" ports you
> described, and still can't get a file listing. The client side is
> regular masqerading NAT the server is Server NAT to a specific IP.
> Clients with complaints are behind Linksys and other "DSL/Cable
> Routers". The result is the same.

Have you tried enabling logging for that and seeing if the data
connections show up there?  If you're not sure of the port range, you
could at least temporarily open 1024-65535 with logging.

You could also use tcpdump (or I think there's a better tool called
"tcpflow" or something that I've never used) to monitor the control
connection to see what data port it's trying to use.

Does it work in active mode?  Or is that a non-option due to NAT issues on
the client side?

> Are you suggesting I need to Server NAT all those ports 49152-65535 ?

It's possible, depending on whether NAT handles this case correctly on its
own.  It would be "Inbound NAT", not "Server NAT", though.

					Fred Wright